Central Plains Center for Bioassessment

Biological impairment in Kansas reservoirs and lotic ecosystems due to erosion and sediment

Center line on Banner Creek along which perpendicular transects are placed for taking sediment measurements.
Date January 2009 - December 2012
Contact Debbie Baker
Location Banner Creek, Centralia, and Atchison Lakes

Summary

In 2010 CPCB sampled Banner Creek, Centralia, and Atchison Lakes to quantify biological impairments and assess losses related to erosion and sedimentation. This is part of the Sediment Baseline work group effort that is coordinated by the Kansas Water Office. Banner Creek Lake has a lower sedimentation rate than the other two lakes and thus serves as a reference waterbody. At a limited number of sites in all three impoundments and the primary tributaries draining to each, we collected biological and physiochemical data including macroinvertebrates, velocity, in situ chemistry, TSS, VSS, TN, TP, and chlorophyll a. We will also evaluate habitat using the Habitat Development Index (HDI) and the Ohio EPA's Qualitative Habitat Evaluation Index (click and scroll to QHEI section).

Data

Click to download the 2002-2003 compatible MSAccess database (1.8 mb).

Methods

Draft Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP)

Table 1. Locations of stream sites. Click the USGS gaging station to see real-time water data.

LakeSiteCodeLocationLatitudeLongitudeTransectDescription
Banner Banner Creek B1 upper 39.44754 -95.81076 1 Downstream from USGS 392652095484100 (BA1). Follow foot path east side of road M.
Banner Banner Creek B2 middle 39.44747 -95.81005 1 same
Banner Banner Creek B3 lower 39.44709 -95.80898 1 same
Centralia Black Vermillion C1 upper 39.69001 -96.12675 6 Downstream of USGS 394126096073500 (CE1).
Centralia Black Vermillion C2 middle 39.69060 -96.12693 1 same
Atchison Clear Creek A1 only 39.63734 -95.43303 5 Upstream of USGS 393817095260100 (CL1), between 326th and Decatur Rds.

Table 2. Number of samples in the lakes and their tributaries. One-liter water samples will be returned to the CPCB lab for processing of TSS, VSS, TN, TP, and chlorophyll a. Subsamples (surface, 15 cm, 30 cm and 1 m, if possible) of the lake core samples will be analyzed for particle size, bulk density and TP and TN.

Lakein situ lake chemistrySecchi depth1-l lake surface1-l lake bottom if stratifiedZooplankton tow in lakePhytoplankton (1-liter) in lakeSediment lake coresStream samples (1-liter)
Banner 10 10 2 1 1 1 2 3
Centralia 10 10 2 1 1 1 2 2
Atchison 10 10 1 1 1 1 1 1

V* methods - spreadsheets available at Pacific Southwest Research Station

Hilton, Sue; Lisle, Thomas E. 1993. Measuring the fraction of pool volume filled with fine sediment. Res. Note PSW-RN- 414. Albany, CA: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. 11 p.

Lisle, Thomas E., Hilton, Sue. 1992. The volume of fine sediment in pools: an index of sediment supply in gravel-bed streams. Water Resources Bulletin. 28(2):371-383.

Lisle, Thomas E., Hilton, Sue. 1999. Fine bed material in pools of natural gravel bed channels. Water Resourcecs Research. 35(4):1291-1304.

Reedy, Gary. 2005. V* as an index of sediment impairment to stream habitat in the Arroyo Corte Madera Del Presidio Watershed Marin County, California. Prepared for Mill Valley Streamkeepers. 7pp.

Analysis, Results, or Reports

Biological impairment in three Kansas reservoirs and associated lotic ecosystems due to sediment and nutrients. (1.7MB pdf) KBS Report 178, 39pp.

Sedimentation in Our Reservoirs: Causes and Solutions (3.7MB pdf, Kansas Water Resources Institute): See Effects of Sedimentation on Biological Resources, Donald G. Huggins, Robert C. Everhart, Andrew Dzialowski, James Kriz, Debra S. Baker.

Maps, Images, or Photos

Atchison County Lake showing USGS gaging stations ATL and CL1 and CPCB's (pink) and KWO’s (yellow) survey reaches on Clear Creek. Click to zoom in on CPCB's sampling reach A1 on Clear Creek. Banner Creek Lake showing showing USGS gaging stations BA1 and BAL and CPCB's (pink) and KWO’s (yellow) survey reaches on Banner Creek. Click to zoom in on CPCB's sampling reaches B1, B2, and B3 on Banner Creek.
Centralia Lake showing USGS gaging stations CE1, CEL, and Cew, and CPCB's (pink) and KWO’s (yellow) survey reaches on the Black Vermillion River.Click to zoom in on CPCB's sampling reaches C1, and C2 on the Black Vermillion River.
CPCB-modified V-star pole used to measure sediment depth.
Don Huggins measuring sediment depth on Banner Creek. Center line on Banner Creek along which perpendicular transects are placed for taking sediment measurements.
Bob pounding in a stake to mark bank erosion on Clear Creek. Menzie sampling macroinvertebrates on the Black Vermillion River.

Staff

Debbie Baker

Donald Huggins